November 22, 1877-January 27, 1919
Lyric poet and short story writer known for his creative use of language. Influenced by French symbolists (Baudelaire, Rimbaud, Mallarmé, Verlaine).
source: The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001.
“Talent has its brutal fate in every era, even in the Golden Ages.”
Versek (“Poems”, 1899)
Még egyszer (“Once Again”, 1903)
Új versek (“New Poems”, 1906)
Vér és arany (“Blood and Gold”, 1907)
Az Illés szekerén (“On Elijah’s Chariot”, 1909)
Szeretném, ha szeretnének (“I’d Love to Be Loved” 1910)
A Minden-Titkok versei (“The Poems of All Secrets”, 1911)
A menekülő Élet (“The Fleeing Life”, 1912)
Margita élni akar (“Margita Wants to Live”, 1912)
A magunk szerelme (“Our Own Love”, 1913)
Ki látott engem? (“Who Have Seen Me?”, 1914)
A halottak élén (“Leading the Dead”, 1918)
Az utolsó hajók (“The Last Ships”, 1923)
Biography of Endre Ady
Endre Ady, born as Ady András Endre, was a prominent Hungarian poet and journalist. He was born on c, in Érmindszent, a small village in present-day Romania. Ady is widely regarded as one of the greatest literary figures of Hungarian literature and a key figure in the modernist movement.
Ady’s early life was marked by financial struggles and personal challenges. He came from a lower-middle-class family, and his parents divorced when he was young. Despite these difficulties, Ady showed an early talent for writing and literature, and he began publishing poetry in literary magazines during his high school years.
After completing his education in Debrecen, Ady moved to Budapest in 1899, where he worked as a journalist and began to establish himself in literary circles. He became associated with the Nyugat (West) literary journal, which was at the forefront of the modernist movement in Hungarian literature. Ady’s poetic style was revolutionary for its time, breaking away from traditional forms and exploring new themes, including love, social inequality, political unrest, and the challenges of modernity.
Ady’s poetry was characterized by its passion, intensity, and strong imagery. He often delved into personal and societal issues, challenging the status quo and expressing his discontent with the prevailing political and social conditions of Hungary. His poems evoked a sense of melancholy, longing, and disillusionment, reflecting the turbulent times in which he lived.
Throughout his career, Ady was a vocal critic of the conservative establishment and was deeply involved in political and social debates. He advocated for social justice, women’s rights, and the rights of the working class. His poetry, essays, and journalistic work were instrumental in shaping public discourse and inspiring social change.
Ady’s literary output was prolific, and he published numerous poetry collections during his lifetime, including “Versek” (Poems), “Még egyszer” (Once Again), and “Vér és arany” (Blood and Gold). His works received both critical acclaim and public recognition, and he quickly gained a loyal following.
Tragically, Ady’s life was cut short at the age of 40. He had suffered from health issues, including syphilis, which greatly affected his physical and mental well-being. He passed away on January 27, 1919, in Budapest, leaving behind a legacy of profound and influential poetry.
Endre Ady’s impact on Hungarian literature and culture cannot be overstated. His works continue to be studied and celebrated, and he is considered a trailblazer who brought modernist sensibilities and new artistic possibilities to Hungarian poetry. Ady’s courageous and unapologetic exploration of themes and his unyielding commitment to social and political causes make him a revered figure in Hungarian literary history.